|The legal framework|
Under current law permanent residents of East Jerusalem – as they are paying taxes and social security contributions like any Israeli citizen –are entitled to the same social rights like Israeli citizens.
This includes in the first place the health insurance and further social benefits like pensions or also the rights like the right of education for their children. The responsible authority to guarantee these services is the National Insurance Institute (NII), where the Palestinian residents have to apply for the benefits and to proof, that they have a legitimated claim.
The investigation of the NII, which shall examine if the claim of the applicant is legitimated and which is carried out beside the fact that all applicants have Jerusalem IDs and therefore already proven that they reside in Jerusalem, takes usually months, during which the claimant does not receive any applied-for services.